Meenakari or Meena Kari or Mina Kari is an art of adorning various types of metals by painting them with vibrant colors in dramatic decorations of birds, flowers and leaves. A lot of variations can be seen in Meenakari work depending on whether the varnish has to appear opaque, transparent or translucent.
Historical evidence say, Persia originated Meenakari work, and later Mughals who invaded India brought it here. Gradually, with the course of time association of Meenakari work with cultural heritage of Rajasthan increased. Hence, today Jaipur is the hub of Meenakari work, and craftsmen from Jaipur are renowned for producing Meenakari work. A wide range of intricate and creative designs on countless jewelry accessories, is the outcome. Meenakari gold is primarily done in Jaipur, Benaras and Delhi. Silver enameling or Meenakari is majorly done in Udaipur, Bikaner and Nathdwara whereas glass enameling is done in Pratapgarh.
Meenakari work is done by elegantly blending discrete pieces of coloured glass powders. Craftsmen engage the use of various mineral oxides to emerge deliberate colors. Powder of various precious and semiprecious stones is also involved in coloring process, other than glass usage.